Applied Energy, Vol.109, 112-118, 2013
Development of amino acid and amino acid-complex based solid sorbents for CO2 capture
For the first time, amino acid (M) and AA-complex based solid sorbents for CO2 removal were investigated by immobilizing AAs and AA-complexes into porous polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) microspheres. Deposition of pure AAs into porous PMMA supports led to limited CO2 adsorption in sorbents, because large AA particles or crystals were formed during deposition of pure AAs into PMMA microspheres and some pores of the PMMA microspheres were clogged. Among the M sorbents studied, Arginine (Arg) solid sorbents had the highest CO2 adsorption capacity. Interestingly, by forming AA-complexes with other polymers, we substantially improved AA water solubility, achieved uniform immobilization of AAs inside PMMA microspheres, and obtained high CO2 adsorption capacity. We found that the types of AA-complexes, complex loading capacity, and ratio of AAs in the complexes could have significant effects on CO2 adsorption properties. Especially, complexing Arg with a strong polyelectrolyte (i.e. polystyrene sulfonate) resulted in substantially improved AA water solubility and high CO2 adsorption capacity. Our developed AA-complex based solid sorbents could be innovative since they could eliminate concerns related to potential equipment corrosion as well as high heat duty associated with aqueous solvent regeneration all the while retaining the advantageous properties (high thermal stability, excellent biocompatibility, and negligible volatility) of AAs. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.