화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Chemistry for Engineering, Vol.25, No.2, 167-173, April, 2014
정수 슬러지를 재활용한 펠렛형 흡착제 상에서 염기성 악취 물질의 흡착속도상수
Adsorption Kinetic Constants for Basic Odorant on Pellet-type Adsorbents Recycled from Water-treatment Sludge
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초록
정수 슬러지를 재활용하여 제조한 펠렛형 흡착제의 트리메틸아민과 암모니아의 흡착 특성을 연구하였다. 펠렛형 흡착제를 110 ℃에서 건조 처리 했을 때보다 500 ℃에서 소성했을 때 BET 표면적과 기공 부피가 증가하는 것을 알 수 있었다. 정수 슬러지를 재활용하여 제조한 펠렛형 흡착제는 브뢴스테드 산점과 루이스 산점을 보유하는 것을 확인하였다. 흡착질 가스인 트리메틸아민과 암모니아가 일정한 농도로 흡착제 층으로 유입되고, 흡착제의 중량과 흡착질의 선속도를 변화시키면서 흡착질 가스의 파과시간을 측정하였다. Wheeler의 흡착속도식을 사용하여 트리메틸아민과 암모니아의 동적흡착용량과 흡착속도상수를 결정하였다. 동적흡착용량과 흡착속도상수가 흡착질 가스의 선속도에 따라 변화함을 알 수 있었다. 정수 슬러지를 재활용하여 제조한 펠렛형 흡착제 상에서, 다양한 흡착조건에서 트리메틸아민과 암모니아의 파과시간을 예측하기 위한 실험식을 도출하였다.
The adsorption characteristics of the pellet-type adsorbent prepared from water treatment sludge for trimethylamine and ammonia were studied. The surface area and pore volume of the pellet-type adsorbent increased during calcination at 500 ℃. It was confirmed that the adsorbent prepared from water treatment sludge contained Bronsted and Lewis acid sites. The breakthrough time of the adsorbent for both trimethylamine and ammonia was measured at different adsorbent weights and linear velocities while maintaining constant amounts of trimethylamine and ammonia. The kinetic saturation capacity and the adsorption rate constant for trimethylamine and ammonia were determined at different linear velocities by using the Wheeler equation. It was found that the kinetic saturation capacity and the adsorption rate constant were dependent on the linear velocity. An experimental equation could be derived to predict the breakthrough time of the adsorbent prepared from water treatment sludge for trimethylamine and ammonia at different adsorption conditions.
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