화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Chemistry for Engineering, Vol.25, No.1, 58-65, February, 2014
석탄 바닥재의 물리적 성질에 따른 유황 고형화 성형물의 특성
Characteristics of Sulfur-Solidified Materials by the Physical Properties of Coal Bottom Ash
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초록
본 연구에서는 국내 4개 화력발전소에서 발생되는 석탄 바닥재를 이용하여 유황 고형화 성형물을 제작하였으며, 이를 이용하여 산업용 건자재 제조를 위한 실용적 데이터에 대하여 고찰하였다. 이러한 유황 고형화 성형물 제조를 위하여, 일축 스크류 형태의 연속식 혼합기를 사용하였다. 또한, 혼합기의 운전 특성으로 인하여, 1.2 mm 이하의 잔골재로서 석탄 바닥재가 사용되었다. 15, 20, 25, 30 wt%의 다양한 유황 농도의 성형물을 제조되었을 때, 압축강도 특성이 분석되었다. 그리고 높은 생석회 함량의 석탄 바닥재가 사용되었을 때, 시제품에서 균열이 발생하였고 침투액의 pH가 12 이상을 나타내었다. 이러한 실험 결과들은 석탄 바닥재의 재활용 기술에 효과적으로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.
In this work, we constructed the sulfur-solidified materials using coal bottom ash from four thermal power stations in Korea and investigated their practical data for the production of industrial construction compounds. To manufacture the sulfur-solidified materials, we used a continuous mixer with the uniaxial screw-type. Also, coal bottom ash was used as a fine aggregate below 1.2 mm because of the operation characteristics for the continuous mixer. When the sulfur-solidified materials were produced with diverse sulfur concentrations (15, 20, 25, 30 wt%), compressive strength properties were analyzed. In addition, when the coal bottom ash was used with a high calcium oxide content, crack was found in the test product and pH of submerged liquid was above 12. These experimental results could be effectively applied to the recycling technology of coal bottom ash.
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