화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Chemistry for Engineering, Vol.25, No.1, 14-19, February, 2014
PVDF를 포함한 고분자 블렌드와 탄소섬유/탄소나노튜브를 이용한 복합재료의 특성
Properties of Nanocomposites Based on Polymer Blend Containing PVDF, Carbon Fiber and Carbon Nanotube
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초록
본 연구에서는 탄소섬유(carbon fiber, CF)와 탄소나노튜브(carbon nanotube, CNT)를 포함하는 PMMA/PVDF 및 PET/PVDF 블렌드 나노복합재료를 이축성형 압출기를 이용하여 용융삽입법으로 제조하였다. SEM을 이용하여 PMMA/PVDF/CF/CNT 나노복합재료의 모폴로지를 관찰한 결과, CNT가 matrix에서 효과적으로 분산되지 못한 반면 PET/PVDF/CF/CNT 나노복합재료에서는 CNT가 잘 분산된 것으로 관찰되었다. 상분리된 PET/PVDF 블렌드에서 CNT가 PET 상에 효과적으로 분산된 것으로 보였는데 이는 PET의 페닐렌기와 CNT 표면의 그라파이트 시트가 π-π interaction에 의한 것으로 판단되었다. 또한 CF도 PET와의 계면 접착성이 우수한 것으로 나타났다. PET/PVDF/CF 나노복합재료의 전기전도도는 CNT를 첨가함으로써 증가하였으나 PMMA/PVDF/CF 나노복합재료에 CNT를 첨가한 경우 전기전도도가 향상되지 않았다. 모폴로지 관찰결과에서 CNT의 분산 정도는 전기전도도 물성 결과와 일치하였다. DSC 분석 결과, PET/PVDF/CF/CNT 나노복합재료에서는 결정화 온도가 증가하였는데, 이는 CF 및 CNT가 PET의 결정화를 촉진 시키는 조핵제 역할을 하기 때문인 것으로 보였다. 굴곡물성 결과, PET/PVDF/CF/CNT 나노복합재료에서 PET와 CF의 친화성이 우수하여 굴곡탄성률이 크게 증가하였다.
Nanocomposites based on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)/(PVDF) blended with carbon fibers (CF) and carbon nanotube (CNT) were prepared by melt mixing in the twin screw extruder. Morphologies of the PMMA/PVDF/CF/CNT and PET/PVDF/CF/CNT nanocomposites were investigated using SEM. The aggregation of CNT was observed in PMMA/PVDF/CF/CNT nanocomposites while the good dispersion of CNT was shown in PET/PVDF/CF/CNT nanocomposites. In SEM image of PET/PVDF/CF/CNT nanocomposite, the CNT were mainly located at the PET domain of phase-separated PET/PVDF blend due to the π-π interaction between the phenyl ring of PET and graphite sheet of the CNT’s surface. In addition, a fairly good compatibility between PET/PVDF matrix and CF was shown in the SEM image. In the case of PET/PVDF nanocomposites blended with the co-addition of CF and CNT, the volume electrical resistivity decreased while no change was observed in PMMA/PVDF/CF/CNT composites. The degree of CNT dispersion in morphology results was consistent with the electrical conductivity results. From the DSC results, the crystallization temperature (Tc) of PET/PVDF/CF/CNT nanocomposites increased due to the co-addition of CF and CNTs acting as a nucleating agent. Flexural modulus of PET/PVDF/CF/CNT were sharply enhanced due to increasing the interaction between PET and CF.
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