화학공학소재연구정보센터
International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.37, No.14, 1908-1916, 2013
Experimental investigation on heat recovery from condensation of thermal power plant exhaust steam by a CO2 vapor compression cycle
In this paper, a method that utilizes CO2 vapor compression thermodynamic cycle to recover low-temperature heat from exhausted water steam of fossil fuel thermal power plants is reported. Experimental investigation was carried out to study the characteristics of low-temperature heat recovery by liquid CO2 evaporation process from vacuum exhausted steam condensation occurring at the turbine exit. Furthermore, measured heat recovery performances over one whole year are presented and discussed. Experimental results show that the present heat recovery process by CO2 vapor compression cycle is able to operate stably. The yearly averaged water temperature at the CO2 condenser outlet was measured at 87.5 degrees C with a COP value above 5.0. This high energy efficiency ratio is found to be mainly due to two factors: the transcritical CO2 vapor compression and steam condensation phase change occurring on the CO2 evaporator. The findings from this paper provide helpful guidelines for low-temperature heat recovery system design and improving fossil fuel utilization efficiency. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.