Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.438, No.2, 410-419, 2013
Placenta mesenchymal stem cell accelerates wound healing by enhancing angiogenesis in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells have recently emerged as an attractive cell type for the treatment of diabetes-associated wounds. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential biological function of human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PMSCs) in wound healing in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. PMSCs were isolated from human placenta tissue and characterized by flow cytometry. A full-thickness circular excisional wound was created on the dorsum of each rat. Red fluorescent CM-DiI-labeled PMSCs were injected intradermally around the wound in the treatment group. After complete wound healing, full-thickness skin samples were taken from the wound sites for histological evaluation of the volume and density of vessels. Our data showed that the extent of wound closure was significantly, enhanced in the PMSCs group compared with the no-graft controls. Microvessel density in wound bed biopsy sites was significantly higher in the PMSCs group compared with the no-graft controls. Most surprisingly, immunohistochemical studies confirmed that transplanted PMSCs localized to the wound tissue and were incorporated into recipient vasculature with improved angiogenesis. Notably, PMSCs secreted comparable amounts of proangiogenic molecules, such as VEGF, HGF, bFGF, TGF-beta and IGF-1 at bioactive levels. This study demonstrated that PMSCs improved the wound healing rate in diabetic rats. It is speculated that this effect can be attributed to the PMSCs engraftment resulting in vascular regeneration via direct de novo differentiation and paracrine mechanisms. Thus, placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells are implicated as a potential angiogenesis cell therapy for repair-resistant chronic wounds in diabetic patients. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.