Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.438, No.2, 318-323, 2013
Kamolonol suppresses angiotensin II-induced stress fiber formation and cellular hypertrophy through inhibition of Rho-associated kinase 2 activity
Kamolonol (7-[[(1R,2R,4R,4aS,5R,8aS)-4-hydroxy-1,2,4a,5-tetramethyl-6-oxo-3,4,5,7,8,8a-hexahydro-2H-naphthalen-1-yl]methoxy]chromen-2-one) is a sesquiterpene coumarin and an active component of gum extracts from Ferula assafoetida. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-fibrotic and anti-cellular hypertrophic effects of kamolonol, and further to explore its possible mechanism. Kamolonol (3-30 mu M) significantly inhibited stress fiber formation induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) in rat heart-derived H9c2 cells. Furthermore, kamolonol (3-30 mu M) showed a potent inhibitory effect on Ang II-induced cellular hypertrophy in H9c2 cells. Next, a Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) activity was measured because actin stress fiber formation and/or cellular hypertrophy are usually induced by the activation of ROCK. Rho-associated kinase 2 (ROCK2) studies using a time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET) showed that kamolonol possesses a potent ROCK2 inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 2.27 mu M, and has an ATP-competitive inhibitory mode. In validation study, pretreatment of kamolonol (3-30 mu M) for 2 h decreased the Ang II-induced phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase 1 (MYPT1) and myosin light chain 2 (MLC2). Taken together, these results indicate that kamolonol suppresses Ang II-induced stress fiber formation and cellular hypertrophy, and propose that one mechanism underlying these anti-fibrotic and anti-cellular hypertrophic effects involves inhibition of the ROCK-MLC pathway. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.