Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.97, No.24, 10563-10574, 2013
Effective anaerobic treatment of fresh leachate from MSW incineration plant and dynamic characteristics of microbial community in granular sludge
We investigated the treatment of fresh leachate from municipal solid waste incineration plants with high-strength organics using a lab-scale expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor. The reactor was operated at a mesophilic temperature (33 A degrees C) for 118 days. The influent chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the leachate gradually increased to over 70,000 mg/L, and the organic loading rate increased to 18 kg COD/(m(3) day). An average COD removal efficiency of 86.7 % was achieved when the reactor was fed with raw leachate, which suggests the feasibility of the EGSB process for leachate treatment. The microbial communities in the sludge from the reactor during the trial operation were constructed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, clone libraries, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The dominant group for archaea was Methanosaeta, with 68.4 % proportion at the start of the operation, and then changed to Methanosarcina, with a proportion of 62.3 %, after 118 days of operation. The dominant group of eubacteria was confirmed to be Firmicutes throughout the operation process, with the proportion increasing from > 50 to 81.2 %. Almost all the operational taxonomic units of Firmicutes belonged to the order Clostridiales, with characteristic spore formation. The microbial diversity of the population was low under raw leachate as feed in the reactor. The dynamics of the microbial community in the anaerobic granular sludge was discussed relating with the operating status of the EGSB reactor.