Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol.91, No.6, 1133-1144, 2013
Comparison of normal phase operation and phase reversal studies in a pulsed sieve plate extraction column
The hydrodynamic characteristics of a pulsed sieve plate extraction column (PSPEC) was studied experimentally using two different liquid phase systems, namely water/kerosene and 30%TBP (tributyl phosphate) in NPH (normal paraffin hydrocarbon)/0.3 M HNO3. The aqueous phase as the dispersed phase and the organic phase as the continuous phase (phase reversal) and vice versa (normal phase operation) studies in a pulsed sieve plate extraction column 0.076 m in diameter and 1 m height are presented in this paper. The hydrodynamic properties like drop size and holdup are characterized as a function of various operating parameters namely pulse velocity, dispersed phase and continuous phase velocity and duty cycle of pulsing. Flooding in the column was, also investigated for the changes involving flow ratio of continuous phase to that of the dispersed phase for both insufficient and excessive pulsing. It has been observed that phase reversal mode of operation is not efficient as compared to normal phase operation for the PSPEC. (C) 2012 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.