Catalysis Reviews-Science and Engineering, Vol.55, No.1, 79-133, 2013
Kinetic Analysis of Heterogeneous Photocatalysis: Role of Hydroxyl Radicals
This article provides the current research activities that concentrate on the role of hydroxyl radicals in heterogeneous photocatalysis by transition metal oxides for different nanostructures. We devote most attention to Al-based Fe2O3 nanostructures that have been synthesized using chemical methods. The visible light photocatalytic activity of nanocrystalline pure and Al-based Fe2O3 photocatalysts for degradation of Salicylic acid, 4-Cholorphenol, and Acid orange 7 (Azo dye) is reported. The catalytic activity and selectivity for organic species are remarkably influenced by the size of the different photocatalyst. Utilization of various structures, advanced oxidation processes, heterojunction between Al-based Fe2O3 and TiO2, and application of solar energy for heterogeneous photocatalysis of water impurities were discussed. Extent of complete mineralization of such compounds by measuring COD and TOC was discussed. We conclude this review with personal perspectives on the directions towards which future research on this new class of nanostructured materials for photocatalysis might be directed.