화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol.117, No.14, 3017-3024, 2013
Computational Study of the Coordination of Methane to First Row Transition Metal Dication Complexes
The coordination of methane, the first step in methane activation, to coordinately unsaturated first row transition metal dication complexes has been studied computationally to determine the most stable metal-methane interaction. The geometries and the vibrational frequencies of the encounter complexes [M(pyridine)(2)(CH4)](2+) have been determined using density functional theory with the omega B97X.D hybrid functional and triple-zeta basis sets. The structure is dependent on the metal center; for the early transition metals n(3) coordination is favored, whereas n(2) is more favorable for the later transition metals. The periodic trend in methane binding energies in the [M(pyridine)(2)(CH4)](2+) complexes follows the trend in electron affinity until the Mn complex but then exhibits decreasing energies from Fe to Zn. This is attributed to increasing Pauli repulsion and ligand-ligand repulsion. For the most stable complex, [Cr(pyridine)(2)(CH4)](2+), the structures, energies, and spin states of the key intermediates and products in the oxidative addition/reductive elimination pathway have been investigated. It is found that the reaction is thermodynamically favorable and indicates that two-state reactivity may play an important role in lowering the energy of the hydridomethyl intermediate.