Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.433, No.2, 181-187, 2013
Inhibition of NO-induced beta-cell death by novel NF-kappa B inhibitor (-)-DHMEQ via activation of Nrf2-ARE pathway
Excessive nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role in the progression of beta-cell apoptosis in type I diabetes mellitus. We used mouse insulinoma Min6 cells as a model of p cells in this research. We found that (-)-DHMEQ an NF-kappa B inhibitor, rescued beta cells from NO-induced apoptosis, and then studied the mechanism of apoptosis inhibition. (-)-DHMEQ activated Nrf2 and induced transcription of Nrf2-target genes following the increase of antioxidant response element (ARE) reporter activity. Similarly, tert-butyl hydroquinone (tBHQ), a known activator of Nrf2, inhibited NO-induced cell death along with the transcriptional activation of ARE. RNAi-mediated knockdown of Nrf2 lowered the cytoprotective effect of (-)-DHMEQ against NO, suggesting that (-)-DHMEQ inhibited NO-induced cell death via Nrf2 activation. Furthermore, overexpression of Nrf2 rendered cells to be more resistant to NO, indicating that Nrf2 activation provides critical defense function against NO in Min6 cells. Taken together, we conclude that (-)-DHMEQ may be a useful therapeutic agent for type 1 diabetes mellitus in the onset of disease by protecting beta cells from apoptosis. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.