Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.431, No.1, 2-7, 2013
Structure-based computational study of the hydrolysis of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactmase-1
New Delhi metallo-beta-lactmase-1 (NDM-1) is an enzyme that confers antibiotic resistance to bacteria and is thus a serious threat to human health. Almost all clinically available beta-lactam antibiotics can be hydrolyzed by NDM-1. To determine the mechanism behind the wide substrate diversity and strong catalytic ability of NDM-1, we explored the molecular interactions between NDM-1 and different beta-lactam antibiotics using computational methods. Molecular dynamics simulations and binding free energy calculations were performed on enzyme-substrate (ES) complex models of NDM-1-Meropenem, NDM-1-Nitrocefin, and NDM-1-Ampicillin constructed by molecular docking. Our computational results suggest that mutant residues Ile35 and Lys216, and active site loop L1 residues 65-73 in NDM-1 play crucial roles in substrate recognition and binding. The results of our study provide new insights into the mechanism behind the enhanced substrate binding and wider substrate spectrum of NDM-1 compared with its homologous enzymes CcrA and IMP-1. These insights may be useful in the discovery and design of specific and potent inhibitors against NDM-1. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.