Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.430, No.4, 1240-1245, 2013
p38MAPK and Rho-dependent kinase are involved in anoikis induced by anicequol or 25-hydroxycholesterol in DLD-1 colon cancer cells
Anchorage-independent growth is evidence of the malignant transformation of cells. We previously reported the characterization of anicequol, a novel inhibitor of the anchorage-independent growth of tumor cells, and here we show that the effects of 25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) on colon cancer cells were very similar to those of anicequol. By analyzing the effects of inhibitors and performing RNA interference experiments, we found that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) was involved in anicequol- and 25-HC-induced anoikis in DLD-1 cells. In addition, Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK) was also associated with anoikis induced by anicequol or 25-HC. Taken together, our findings suggest that activation of the p38MAPK and ROCK pathways might provide a new therapeutic strategy against cancer, and raise the possibility that tumor metastasis is influenced by 25-HC under physiological conditions. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.