Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.430, No.4, 1217-1222, 2013
Systematic analysis of a dipeptide library for inhibitor development using human dipeptidyl peptidase IV produced by a Saccharomyces cerevisiae expression system
The inhibition of human dipeptidyl peptidase IV/CD26 (hDPPIV) is an accepted treatment for type 2 diabetes. In this study, an extracellular production system of hDPPIV using Saccharomyces cerevisiae was established to facilitate the screening of hDPPIV inhibitors. As dipeptides that mimic the hDPPIV substrate are candidate inhibitors of this protein, X-Ala or X-Pro dipeptides (in which X represents any amino acid) were tested systematically. Based on the results obtained in the first screening, a second screening was performed for Trp-X dipeptides. To elucidate the manner via which the physicochemical features at the P-1 and P-2 positions contributed to the hDPPIV inhibitory effect, correlations between the inhibitory activity of dipeptides and 13 amino acid indices were analyzed. The most effective inhibitory dipeptide was Trp-Pro (K-1 = 0.04 mM). The mode of inhibition of hDPPIV by dipeptides was explained well by some amino acid indices and by the structure of the substrate-binding site of hDPPIV. The information obtained from the systematic analysis of a dipeptide library provides important clues for the development of hDPPIV targeting drugs and functional foods for type 2 diabetes. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.