Journal of Catalysis, Vol.153, No.2, 304-316, 1995
Total Oxidation of Carbon-Monoxide and Methane over Transition Metal-Fluorite Oxide Composite Catalysts .1. Catalyst Composition and Activity
A novel metal oxide composite catalyst for the total oxidation of carbon monoxide and methane was prepared by combining fluorite oxides with active transition metals. The fluorite oxides, such as ceria and zirconia, are oxygen-ion-conducting materials having catalytic properties usually at high temperatures. Active base metal catalysts, such as copper, were used as additives to promote the catalytic properties of these oxides. The contact of the two types of materials gave rise to a high active oxidation catalyst. At a space velocity of about 42,000 h(-1), complete carbon monoxide oxidation in air occurred at room temperature on the Au-0.05[Ce(La)]O-0.95(x) catalyst and at ca. 100 degrees C on Cu-Ce-O composite catalysts. At the same space velocity, total oxidation of methane on the Cu-Ce-O catalyst doped with La2O3 or SrO took place at ca. 550 degrees C. The specific carbon monoxide oxidation activity of the Cu-Ce-O catalyst was several orders of magnitude higher than that of conventional copper-based catalysts and comparable or superior to platinum catalysts. This type of composite catalyst also showed excellent resistance to water vapor poisoning. The enhanced catalyst activity and stability resulted from strong interaction of the transition metal and fluorite oxide materials.