Biomacromolecules, Vol.14, No.1, 160-168, 2013
A Chemically Functionalized Magnetic Nanoplatform for Rapid and Specific Biomolecular Recognition and Separation
We have developed a target-molecule-functionalized magnetic nanoparticle (MNP)-based method to facilitate the study of biomolecular recognition and separation. The superparamagnetic property of MNPs allows the corresponding biomolecules to be rapidly separated from crude biofluids with a significant improvement in recovery yield and specificity. Various MNPs functionalized with tag molecules (chitin, heparin, and amylose) were synthesized for recombinant protein purification, and several probe-functionalized MNPs, such as nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)@MNP and P-k@MNP, exhibited excellent extraction efficiency for proteins. In a cell recognition study, mannose-functionalized MNPs allowed specific purification of Escherichia coli with FimH adhesin on the surface. In an immunoprecipitation assay, the antibody conjugated MNPs reduced the incubation time from 12 to 1 h while maintaining a comparable efficiency. The functionalized MNPs were also used in a membrane proteomic study that utilized the interaction between streptavidin-functionalized MNPs and biotinylated cell membrane proteins. Overall, the functionalized MNPs were demonstrated to be promising probes for the specific separation of targets from proteins to cells and proteomics.