Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.430, No.1, 400-405, 2013
Zinc finger protein 131 inhibits estrogen signaling by suppressing estrogen receptor alpha homo-dimerization
Steroid hormone estrogen elicits various physiological functions, many of which are mediated through two structurally and functionally distinct estrogen receptors, ER alpha and ER beta. The functional role of zinc finger protein 131 (ZNF131) is poorly understood, but it is assumed to possess transcriptional regulation activity due to the presence of a DNA binding motif. A few recent reports, including ours, revealed that ZNF131 acts as a negative regulator of ER alpha and that SUMO modification potentiates the negative effect of ZNF131 on estrogen signaling. However, its molecular mechanism for ER alpha, inhibition has not been elucidated in detail. Here, we demonstrate that ZNF131 directly interacts with ER alpha, which consequently inhibits ER alpha-mediated trans-activation by suppressing its homo-dimerization. Moreover, we show that the C-terminal region of ZNF131 containing the SUMOylation site is necessary for its inhibition of estrogen signaling. Taken together, these data suggest that ZNF131 inhibits estrogen signaling by acting as an ER alpha-co-repressor. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.