Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.428, No.2, 303-308, 2012
Stochastic differentiation into an osteoclast lineage from cloned macrophage-like cells
Differentiation into osteoclasts is induced by a macrophage colony-stimulating factor and receptor activator of nuclear-factor kappa B ligand. The macrophage-like cell line, C7 has the potential to differentiate into osteoclasts when it is cultured with both factors for 6 days. Although C7 is an established cell line, the frequency of differentiation into this lineage was less than 10%, and the ratio was maintained at a constant level, even after repeated cloning. In this study, to increase the differentiation of C7 cells to osteoclasts, C7 derivative treatments with several activators and/or inhibitors were performed for 3 days prior to setting osteoclast induction analysis; however, a reagent to significantly up-regulate the frequency of differentiation was not found. Only extended cultures for osteoclastogenesis exponentially increased the frequency of osteoclast precursors. It is likely that C7 cell differentiation into committed osteoclast precursors is on 'autopilot' rather than requiring specific signals to drive this process. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.