Catalysis Today, Vol.192, No.1, 16-19, 2012
Highly selective and stable propane dehydrogenation to propene over dispersed VOx-species under oxygen-free and oxygen-lean conditions
For the first time, we reported on a highly selective propane dehydrogenation to propene over SiO2-supported dispersed VOx species under oxygen-free and oxygen-lean conditions. Propene selectivity above 80% was achieved with propane conversions above 45% at 823-843 K. At operation under oxygen-lean conditions, consecutive propene conversion to COx was significantly suppressed and propene was formed additionally via the highly selective non-oxidative dehydrogenation route over the same catalyst. Usage of SiO2 supports ( MCM-41, SBA-15, SiO2) with no strong acid sites and co-feeding of small O-2 amounts lead to very limited coke formation (<2 wt. % after 20 h on-stream operation). This results in only slight decrease in time-on-stream performance (ca. 10% of deactivation during 20 h). (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.