화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.428, No.1, 110-115, 2012
Toll-like receptor 2 heterodimers, TLR2/6 and TLR2/1 induce prostaglandin E production by osteoblasts, osteoclast formation and inflammatory periodontitis
TLR2 forms heterodimers with TLR1 and TLR6, and regulates host defense mechanisms against pathogens. We examined the role of TLR2 heterodimer signaling in osteoclast formation and inflammatory periodontitis. In co-cultures of mouse bone marrow cells and osteoblasts, a TLR2/6 ligand (diacylated lipopeptide designed from Gram-positive bacteria) markedly induced osteoclast formation. A TLR2/1 ligand (triacylated lipopeptide designed from Gram-negative bacteria) also induced osteoclast formation. The osteoclast formation induced by TLR2/6 and TLR2/1 ligands was completely suppressed by indomethacin. Osteoblasts expressed TLR1, 2, 4, and 6 mRNAs, and both TLR2/6 and TLR2/1 ligands induced the expression of COX-2, mPGES-1, and RANKL mRNA, as well as PGE production in osteoblasts. Both TLR2/6 and TLR2/1 ligands induced the resorption of mandibular alveolar bone in organ cultures, and elicited inflammatory periodontitis in vivo. Therefore, TLR2 heterodimer signaling may play a key role in PGE-mediated inflammatory bone loss in periodontal disease. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.