Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.427, No.3, 618-622, 2012
Cereblon inhibits proteasome activity by binding to the 20S core proteasome subunit beta type 4
In humans, mutations in the gene encoding cereblon (CRBN) are associated with mental retardation. Although CRBN has been investigated in several cellular contexts, its function remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that CRBN plays a role in regulating the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Heterologous expression of CRBN inhibited proteasome activity in a human neuroblastoma cell line. Furthermore, proteasome subunit beta type 4 (PSMB4), the beta 7 subunit of the 20S core complex, was identified as a direct binding partner of CRBN. These findings suggest that CRBN may modulate proteasome activity by directly interacting with the beta 7 subunit. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.