Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.426, No.2, 196-202, 2012
Mitochondrial modulation of store-operated Ca2+ entry in model cells of Alzheimer's disease
Mitochondrial malfunction and calcium dyshomeostasis are early pathological events considered as important features of the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. Recent studies have suggested mitochondrion as an active regulator of Ca2+ signaling based on its calcium buffering capacity. Herein, we investigated the mitochondrial involvement in the modulation of store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) in neural 2a (N2a) transgenic AD model cells. Results showed that SOCE was significantly depressed in N2a cells transfected with wild-type human APP695 (N2a APPwt) compared with empty vector control (N2a WT) cells. Pharmacological manipulation with mitochondrial function blockers, such as FCCP, RuR, or antimycin A/oligomycin, could inhibit mitochondrial calcium handling, and then impair SOCE pathway in N2a WT cells. Furthermore, mitochondria of N2a APPwt cells exhibited more severe swelling in response to Ca2+, which is an indication of mitochondrial membrane permeability transition (MPT), than the wild-type controls. Additionally, treatment with cyclosporin A, a potent inhibitor of cyclophilin D, which can block MPT, could significantly restore the attenuated SOCE in N2a APPwt cells. Therefore, inhibition of cyclophilin D might be a therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.