Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.168, No.5, 1076-1085, 2012
Kinetic Analysis, Expression Pattern, and Production of a Recombinant Fungal Protease Inhibitor of Tasar Silkworm Antheraea mylitta
Antheraea mylitta, a tasar silk-producing insect of Saturniidae family, expresses a fungal protease inhibitor named as A. mylitta fungal protease inhibitor-1 (AmFPI-1). AmFPI-1 inhibits alkaline protease of Aspergillus oryzae but its mechanism of action is not known. To understand the mode of inhibition of AmFPI-1 against the fungal protease, it was purified from the hemolymph of A. mylitta larvae and inhibitory activity against A. oryzae protease was studied. Kinetic analysis of purified AmFPI-1 on alkaline protease of A. oryzae showed that AmFPI-1 acts as a canonical-type competitive inhibitor with equilibrium dissociation constant (K (i) ) of 60 nM. Expression of AmFPI-1 in different body tissues of fifth instar A. mylitta larvae was determined by real-time PCR, and the highest expression was observed in fat body followed by integument, silk gland, and gut, indicating that AmFPI-1 has pleiotropic functions including protection from invading fungi. The cDNA of AmFPI-1 was expressed in Escherichia coli, and recombinant His-tagged fusion protein was purified by Ni-NTA chromatography. Recombinant AmFPI-1 showed inhibitory activity against A. oryzae protease and suggested its use in various biological applications to prevent proteolysis.