Thin Solid Films, Vol.519, No.7, 2093-2097, 2011
Influence of the surface roughness on the properties of Au films measured by surface plasmon resonance and X-ray reflectometry
Thickness and refractive index of Au films thermally evaporated onto glass substrates and with an underlayer of Cr are determined from surface plasmon resonance. The results for the thickness are found to agree very well with those from X-ray reflectivity when a simple model of layers with flat interfaces is used. Plasmon propagation along thin films is influenced by radiative damping due to scattering from surface roughness. To study this influence the surface roughness of the glass substrate, Cr an Au layers are measured by X-ray reflectometry and the results used to introduce three intermediate layers with effective refractive indices and thicknesses corresponding to the roughness. Then Fresnel's equations are used to fit the reflectivity and to deduce the layer properties. It is found that the roughness affects to a great extent the optical parameters of the Au films even when it is smaller than 1 nm. In particular, the absolute value of real part of the dielectric constant decreases while its imaginary part increases when those effects are not taken into account. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.