Thin Solid Films, Vol.518, No.19, 5626-5628, 2010
Effect of ionic liquid dispersion on performance of a conducting polymer based Schottky diode
The effect of ionic liquid (IL) dispersion on the performance of Schottky diode fabricated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) has been investigated. Two kinds of ILs including 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BMIPF6, hydrophobic IL) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMICL, hydrophilic IL) were dispersed to the PEDOT:PSS by mechanical stirring and sonication processes. Schottky diodes were fabricated with these mixtures. The forward current of Schottky diodes fabricated with PEDOT:PSS dispersed BMI PF6 (SD-BMIPF6)/BMICL (SD-BMICL) by mechanical stirring is slightly reduced compared with that of Schottky diodes fabricated with pristine PEDOT:PSS (SD-PEDOT). However, SD-BMIPF6 and SD-BMICL by sonication technique show higher forward current with respect to SD-PEDOT. Compared with SD-BMIPF6 and SD-BMICL, the forward current of SD-BMICL is much higher than that of SD-BMIPF6. Since the BMICL has hydrophilic nature, the enhancement of forward current might be due to the uniform dispersion of the BMICL on the PEDOT:PSS matrix. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.