Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.68, No.10, 1567-1573, 1998
Wood-fiber reinforcement of styrene maleic anhydride copolymers
Styrene-maleic anhydride (SMA) copolymers containing either 7 or 14% maleic anhydride were filled with either pine flour or dry-process aspen fiber from a medium density fiberboard (MDF) plant. Material properties of the filled and unfilled SMA plastics were compared with those of aspen-fiber-filled and unfilled polystyrene (PS). The fiber-filled SMA composites were equivalent or superior to unfilled SMA in strength, stiffness, and notched Izod impact strength. Filled PS composites outperformed or matched the performance of filled SMA composites in the parameters tested. Unnotched Izod impact strength of filled polymers was generally inferior to that of the unfilled polymers. Water absorption from a 90% relative humidity exposure, a 24-h soak, and a 2-h boil showed mixed results when compared to the unfilled polymers. Dynamic mechanical analysis showed no change in glass transition temperature (T-g) after the addition of filler for either SMA or PS composites. The presence of the anhydride functionality on the polymer backbone did not appear to improve the strength of the composite. No evidence was found for chemical bond formation between the SMA and wood fiber.