화학공학소재연구정보센터
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol.90, No.6, 798-812, 2006
Characterization of high-photovoltage CuPc-based solar cell structures
Organic solar cells of the configuration ITO/PEDOT:PSS/CuPc/PTCBI/Al (Indium Tin Oxide/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): polystyrene sulfonic acid/Copper phthalocyanine/ 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic bisbenzimidazole/Aluminum) were investigated. A high open circuit voltage (V-OC) of 1.15 V was obtained when the PTCBI layer was 7 nm thick. Lower V-oc values were observed for the same structure with silver, copper and gold electrodes instead of aluminum. However, short-circuit current density (J(SC)) with these electrodes was much higher (4 mA/cm(2)) than in the case of aluminum (0.12mA/cm(2)). Incorporating a 10nm thick US interlayer between PTCBI and aluminum resulted in an increase in current density to 0.3 mA/ cm(2). Results were interpreted in terms of a modified CuPc/Al Schottky diode for the thin PTCBI case and a CuPc/PTCBI heterojunction for the thick PTCBI case. Also, the formation of a thin, protective aluminum oxide layer under the aluminum electrode was postulated. For devices with silver, copper and gold electrodes, absence of this protective layer was thought to be the cause of a relatively lower V-oc and higher J(SC). (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.