화학공학소재연구정보센터
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol.72, No.1-4, 231-246, 2002
Defect passivation of industrial multicrystalline solar cells based on PECVD silicon nitride
Low surface recombination velocity and significant improvements in bulk quality are key issues for efficiency improvements of solar cells based on a large variety of multicrystalline silicon materials. It has been proven that PECVD silicon nitride layers provide excellent surface and bulk passivation and their deposition processes can be executed with a high throughput as required by the PV industry. The paper discusses the various deposition techniques of PECVD silicon nitride layers and also gives results on material and device properties characterisation. Furthermore the paper focuses on the benefits achieved from the passivation properties of PECVD SiNx layers on the multi-Si solar cells performance. This paper takes a closer look at the interaction between bulk passivation of multi-Si by PECVD SiNx and the alloying process when forming an A1-BSF layer. Experiments on state-of-the-art multicrystalline silicon solar cells have shown an enhanced passivation effect if the creation of the alloy and the sintering of a silicon nitride layer (to free hydrogen from its bonds) happen simultaneously. The enhanced passivation is very beneficial for multicrystalline silicon, especially if the defect density is high, but it poses processing problems when considering thin (< 200 mum) cells. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.