Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.64, No.12, 2273-2281, 1997
Effect of Mechanochemical Degradation on Gelation and Mechanical-Properties of PVC
The effect of vibromilling or jet milling on gelation and mechanical properties of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) was studied through SEM, FTIR, DSC, and mechanical properties tests. The experimental results show that the size of the grain and apparent density of PVC are decreased. The grains become much more loosely aggregated and the crystallinity of PVC is decreased during milling. The extensional fracture of degraded PVC is obviously different from that of undegraded PVC, the tensile strength and degree of gelation of degraded PVC are increased as compared with undegraded PVC. The mechanical properties of PVC are improved quite a lot after blending it with a small amount of mechanochemically degraded PVC.