Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.61, No.6, 891-900, 1996
Bulk and Emulsion Copolymerizations of N-Butyl Acrylate and Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Macromonomer
Bulk and emulsion copolymerizations of an omega-unsaturated poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) macromonomer with n-butyl acrylate (n-BA) were investigated. The reactivity of PMMA macromonomer in bulk copolymerization with n-BA was found to be lower than that of methyl methacrylate monomer with n-BA. The incorporation of PMMA macromonomer into poly(butyl acrylate) (PEA) latex particles by miniemulsion copolymerization was proved by high performance liquid chromatography-silica adsorption spectroscopy. Dynamic mechanical studies showed that PMMA macromonomer was grafted to the PEA backbone, and the degree of grafting increased as the ratio of PMMA macromonomer to n-BA increased. Microphase separation of the PMMA macromonomer grafts was observed at higher ratio of macromonomer (higher or equal to 10% weight of macromonomer based on total polymer phase). The n-BA/PMMA macromonomer copolymer behaved completely differently from the physical blend of PEA and PMMA macromonomer particles of the same composition.