Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, Vol.25, No.3, 193-214, 2005
Modeling injection of dense liquid sprays in radio frequency inductively coupled plasmas
A spray model and a droplet collision model are implemented into a radio frequency inductively coupled plasma model. The discrete parcel technique combined with the stochastic Monte Carlo method is used to solve the spray equation and determine the outcomes of droplet collisions in dense sprays. Plasma-spray interactions are considered by adding source terms to the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy of the plasma phase. Two types of the outcomes of water droplets collisions, coalescence and grazing, are predicted and compared to the experimental and analytical results. The agreement is quite good. The effects of droplet collisions on droplet size distribution of the spray and the spray evaporation are investigated. It is found that the droplet collisions can increase the average droplets size of the spray. For the mono-disperse spray, the collisions can lead to a delay on the spray evaporation. However, for the poly-disperse spray, the effect of droplet collisions on the spray evaporation could not be predicted before the calculation due to the randomness of droplet collisions.