Materials Research Bulletin, Vol.47, No.4, 1010-1015, 2012
Oriented growth of urchin-like zinc oxide micro/nano-scale structures in aqueous solution
The urchin-like ZnO microcrystals with high crystallinity decomposed from [Zn(OH)(4)](2-) directly were obtained via a hydrothermal method. The morphology, particle size, crystalline structure and fluorescence of the as-prepared ZnO were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) analyses. The results demonstrated that the urchin-like ZnO crystals with wurtzite structure had a narrow distribution in size, which could be adjusted in the range of 30-80 mu m by varying reaction time. Broad visible light emission peak was also observed in the PL spectra of the synthesized ZnO products. A multistep growth process about how to form such a structure was proposed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.