Materials Research Bulletin, Vol.43, No.6, 1440-1447, 2008
Synthesis of flower- and rod-like nickel sulfide nanostructures by an organic-free hydrothermal process
Well-crystalline flower- and rod-like NiS nanostructures have been synthesized by an organic-free hydrothermal process at a low temperature of 200 degrees C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to characterize the as-synthesized NiS nanostructures. The effects of temperature and reaction time on the morphology have been also investigated. The two-step flake-cracking mechanism for the formation of flower- and rodlike NiS nanostructures was discussed. The products were also investigated by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.