Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, Vol.41, No.3, 50-61, 2002
Screening of three light-oil reservoirs for application of air injection process by accelerating rate calorimetric and TG/PDSC tests
A series of Accelerating Rate Calorimeter (ARC) and Thermo Gravimetric Pressurized Differential Scanning Calorimeter (TG/PDSC) tests was conducted on oil-rock systems from three light-oil reservoirs (Oils A, B and C) to screen and evaluate the potential of the air injection process. ARC tests helped determine, a priori, whether the test oils would autoignite under reservoir conditions of pressure and temperature. Also, the Limits of the low temperature range were established and Arrhenius oxidation kinetics parameters were estimated. The goals of the TG/PDSC tests were to identify temperature ranges over which the oil reacted with oxygen in the injected air, and to determine the fraction of the sample responsible for the reactivity. ARC and TG/PDSC tests demonstrate that Oils A and C offer favourable exothermic behaviour in the low temperature range with lower activation energies and low orders of reactions-the conditions typically favouring autoignition. The presence of rock material lowered the ignition temperature, confirming its impact on O-2 uptake. Oil A had a lower energy generation (ignition) temperature, and a stronger and smoother transition to the higher temperature region. Both oils responded favourably during isothermal aging with air as manifested by a drop in the initial self-heating temperature (a 15degrees C drop for Oil A and a 10degrees C drop for Oil C). The third oil, Oil B, showed unusual characteristics, with almost no impact of the core material on the starting temperature of the exotherm; rather, the core material appeared to have acted as a heat sink. Overall, Oil B needed a much higher activation energy to ignite, and its order of reactions was very high. Furthermore, it showed no response to isothermal aging, and hence, it is less likely to autoignite in the reservoir. I Results revealed that ARC and TG/PDSC tests could be an effective tool to rank and study the oxidation characteristics in the, low temperature range of the candidate oils. Also, it was observed that the oil composition and rock mineralogy are important factors affecting the type and rate of the oxidation reactions occurring in the low temperature range.