Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol.16, No.9, 1235-1260, 2002
Structural characterization of bis-[triethoxysilyipropyl]tetrasulfide and bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine silanes by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Bis-[triethoxysilylpropyl]tetrasulfide (or bis-sulfur silane) and bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl] amine (or bis-amino silane) were deposited on 2024-T3 aluminum alloy (AA 2024-T3). The structures of the films were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The results showed that: (1) The silane structures were affected significantly by the hydrolysis time of the silane solutions. A minimum hydrolysis time is required to obtain a crosslinked silane film. (2) Hydrolysis progressed more readily and faster in the bis-amino silane system than in the bis-sulfur silane system, probably due to the catalytic action of the amine of the bis-amino silane. (3) Both silane systems experienced significant crosslinking upon curing at 100degreesC, during which denser interfacial layers were formed via crosslinking in the interfacial regions, The interfacial layer contributes to corrosion protection of metals by silanes. (4) A new phase was observed in the fully cured bis-amino silane film after aging in the atmosphere. This new phase is likely to be carbamates and bicarbonates formed via a reaction between the secondary amino groups, carbon dioxide, and moisture absorbed from the atmosphere.