Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol.16, No.5, 523-542, 2002
Surface structure of silane-treated glass beads and its influence on the mechanical properties of filled composites
The surface treatment of glass beads, chosen as a model filler, was carried out using four different silane coupling agents with multilayer coverage. For this purpose, silanes having an aminopropyl or a methacryloxypropyl group as an organofunctional group with di- or tri-alkoxy structures were used. The amount of silane detected on the bead surface was four to six times that required for a monolayer coverage. The topography of the silane layer on the bead surface was observed using an atomic force microscope, The topography was strongly affected by the composition of the silane solution and the number of alkoxy groups in the silane. The effects of the organofunctional group and the number of alkoxy groups of the silanes on the mechanical properties of bead-filled poly(vinyl chloride), chosen as a typical ductile polymer, were investigated. A higher yield stress was observed for the silane with an aminopropyl group than for that with a methacryloxypropyl group. Furthermore, for each organofunctional group, the yield stress was higher for the silane with a dialkoxy structure than for that with a trialkoxy structure, However, their effects on the elongation-at-break were contrary to the above tendencies.