Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.43, No.2, 341-345, 1995
Online Measurement of Dissolved and Gaseous-Hydrogen Sulfide in Anaerobic Biogas Reactors
The paper presented demonstrates the calibration of a silicone membrane probe for measurement of hydrogen sulphide in liquid and gas phase. The probe is connected to a quadrupole mass spectrometer as detector. The calibration of the probe results in linear calibration functions for different liquids and the gas phase. An example of the application of the measuring device for on-line measurement is reported for an experiment where sulphide is precipitated as iron sulphide by the addition of ferrous chloride. As a consequence of the addition of ferrous chloride, the concentration of H2S in the biogas rapidly decreases from 4.2% to 1.0% (by volume). The inhibition of the anaerobic treatment process is calculated on the basis of the reduction of dissolved total organic carbon before and during the experiment. The reduction of dissolved total organic carbon before the experiment starts is constant at 60%, rising to a maximum of 70% during the addition of FeCl2. The difference in the conversion rate corresponds to an inhibition of about 14%. The gas production increases from 7.51 l(-1) day(-1) to 8.51 l(-1) day(-1) This inhibition observed before the addition of FeCl2 is caused by 65 mg/l undissociated hydrogen sulphide in the liquid phase as calculated from the data obtained after precipitation of sulphide as zinc sulphide. The data show clearly that the conversion of acetic acid to methane is inhibited by dissolved H2S. The concentration of acetic acid drops sharply from about 25 mM to 15 mM after the FeCl2 dosage has been started. The concentration of propionic acid decreases slightly from 12 mM to 9 mM. Most of the iron introduced during the experiment is immediately precipitated. The maximum concentration of dissolved iron measured in the effluent is 93 mg/l.
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